Movie Geeks United begins a five-part series tomorrow night, Monday at 10:00 pm, celebrating the upcoming 70th birthday of director Brian De Palma.
The series features “in-depth analysis of five seminal thrillers from director Brian De Palma. Guests include producers Edward R. Pressman and George Litto, actors Keith Gordon and Nancy Allen, editor Paul Hirsch, critics John Kenneth Muir and Armond White, and cinematographer Vilmos Zsigmond.”
Monday night’s installment is an up-close look at the thrilling Sisters (1973), De Palma’s great twist on the Psycho aesthetic. You can start listening in at 10:00 pm, or catch-up after the show airs, by visiting Blogtalk Radio, here.
Each successive night of the week, check back in at the same location for shows on Carrie, Dressed to Kill, Blow Out and Raising Cain. I’ll post reminders every day during the week about the upcoming programs. Don’t miss em!
And in the meantime, here’s a look back of my review of Sisters:
Watching Brian De Palma’s Sisters (1973) today, it’s easy to detect the reasons why the director has so widely been touted as “the Next Alfred Hitchcock.” His first thriller is perhaps the most inspired homage to the master’s Psycho ever created (at least until the same director’s Dressed to Kill in 1980).
First and foremost, the “Janet Leigh” trick (the notion that a lead character should expire early on in the proceedings…) is transferred successfully here. Also, in Sisters a surprise twist involving identity resonates and interacts meaningfully with Psycho’s climax. Plus, De Palma shares another important trait with Hitchcock: a love of gallows humor. And for all the brutal, crotch-stabbing violence of Sisters, the film exhibits that wicked and subversive sense of black humor.
Yet De Palma’s genius is revealed not so much in his multitudinous contextual references to the canon of Hitchcock (including Vertigo and Rear Window), but rather in the dramatic and clever manner by which he fractures the film’s imagery. In other words — in Godard’s words — it’s not where De Palma gets his ideas from, but where he goes with those ideas. Here De Palma’s purpose is entirely his own: to express, finally, a splintered mind/splintered sense of reality in the language of film grammar, thereby replicating the explicit content of his narrative.
…Inspired by a Life Magazine article about the Russian Siamese twins Masha and Dasha, Sisters tells the story of a gorgeous model named Danielle (Margot Kidder), who appears on the local New York TV game show, Peeping Toms (think: The Dating Game) and then goes out to dinner with the winning contestant, Phillip Wood.
But Danielle’s bizarre ex-husband, Emile (William Finley) stalks Danielle to the restaurant and makes a scene there. Concerned, Phillip escorts Danielle home to Staten Island. And though her crazy husband stands watch outside their apartment, they spend the night together.
The next morning, Phillip is brutally killed after hearing Danielle speak to her (unseen) sister, Dominique. The murder (which occurs on Danielle’s birthday…) is witnessed by plucky investigative reporter, Grace Collier (Jennifer Salt), from her own apartment. The police don’t believe Grace’s story of homicide because she wrote an expose about the police that the force considered anti-cop. Grace investigates on her own, drawn into a bizarre story of co-joined siblings, a mysterious mental institute, and the shocking truth behind Dominique and Danielle. We learn that Danielle never learned “to accept” the death of her twin Danielle, and, furthermore, that she “kept her alive” in her mind so as to deal with the guilt of having been the twin to survive a surgical separation. Sexual experiences with men (like Philip or Emile) represent the catalyst that awakens the Dominique side — the murderous side — of Danielle’s tortured mind.
In 1976, Brian De Palma staged the climactic scenes of Carrie utilizing split screens. There, in a scene set at the high school prom, he crafted a visual cause-and-effect relationship with opposing freeze frames. In one frame, Carrie (Spacek) would gaze at something, a target. In another, simultaneous frame, her psi energy would generate explosions or fire.
In Sisters, De Palma’s purpose is different, but no less powerful. First, he deploys the split screen to ease the audience through a transition from one protagonist to another. He thus finds a new way of “doing” Hitchcock; of expressing the essence of the “Janet Leigh Trick.”
As Philip lays dying in Danielle’s apartment, the frame is split. On one side (and filmed from inside the window), the audience sees Philip desperately seeking help as he dies. On the other side of the frame, in a different screen, viewers see from outside the window that another character is witnessing this bloody demise. It’s the reverse angle, essentially. As Phillip — current surrogate for the audience — dies bloodily, Grace Collier, new protagonist, is introduced. It’s a visual passing of the torch, a way to get from Janet Leigh, essentially, to Vera Miles, without the connecting, seconed-act presence of Martin Balsam. Instead, the switch in protagonists is expressed instantly, within the confines of a fractured composition. The effect: the audience feels “torn” (or splintered, like Danielle). The object of our interest and sympathy passes violently away and we are shocked. Simultaneously, our curiosity is aroused by the new presence in the film.
De Palma also paints a picture of contrasts with his split screens in Sisters. In one sequence, Grace Collier and unhelpful detectives are seen arguing in the downstairs lobby on one half-of-the-screen as the bloody clean-up of Philip’s homicide in Apartment 3R is depicted on the other screen. Here “time” is the notion held in common between competing, simultaneous images. One image reveals time squandered as the police delay Grace Collier. The other image (of Danielle and her husband, Emile, hiding the murder..) reveals time used meaningfully. The effect generated here is suspense: we want to scream at the police to move faster, to do something, because we can see the progress of the cover-up. Again, we are asked to integrate or balance competing feelings: a sense of wanting Danielle to be caught against a sense of wishing Danielle not be caught. De Palma’s splintered composition permits and actually encourages both impulses.
In it’s totality, Sisters involves a severe psychotic split. Danielle’s damaged mind has “split” so as to accommodate two distinct, individual (and competitive…) personalities: hers and Dominique’s. Her schizophrenic nature is reflected in De Palma’s pervasive use of the split screen; and the impact of this split is revealed, in narrative terms by the myriad thematic allusions to Psycho. There too, Norman was two people: himself and his mother; an innocent and a guilty party. One individual seemed to be two in Psycho, but in Sisters the idea of doubling/twinning/splitting is carried to new heights thanks to the technique of the split screen editing.
Even our ears, too, in Sisters are tuned to “register” Psycho thanks to Bernard Herrmann’s score, but the visual imagination here goes brawnily beyond Hitchcock’s considerable triumphs. Psycho tricked us (brilliantly), Sisters “splits” and divides our attention, mirroring the psychosis of Danielle/Dominique…